what is malnutrition, its type and causes

According to the World Health Organization 462 million people are victims of malnutrition and 159 million children are affected by this. In 118 countries 140 million school children and 7 million pregnant women are becoming victims of malnutrition. The biggest factor affecting the health of a person is the body's nutrition, because the body needs nutrients and energy in balanced quantities for good health. The names of the essential elements in a balanced diet are: Protein, fats, carbohydrate, vitamins, fiber and water. This requirement depends on age, gender and lifestyle. Taking these elements in more or less quantities can have bad effects on health. Malnutrition can be caused by 2 reasons: - Due to the lack of nutrients or excess that can be called short or extreme nutrition.

In any country or city, if people are suffering from malnutrition on a large scale, then there are several reasons for which economic, social and political reasons are possible: -
Social status
The cause of malnutrition is not only the excess or lack of nutrition, but it also affects the social condition. It is also possible with population growth, in which only one part of society gets all the nutrition. And the other side seems to suffer from malnutrition. Similarly, during times of war, the chances of malnutrition increase and it is common to see this problem in older children too. In this way, in fact, the main problem has become in the health related problems of malnutrition society. Today, the youth wants to keep their body fit and compromise in nutrients, the excess of junk food in the food also depends on the nutrients in the body. Reduces

According to the World Food Program (WFP), approximately 1.02 billion people worldwide suffer from malnutrition and hunger. This means that out of every 6 people, one does not have the necessary food and a healthy life. Due to this, starvation and malnutrition are at the top in health related problems all over the world, and even more so, more than these, seeing AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis all together. Natural disasters, poverty, lack of agriculture and extreme exploitation of the environment are also a cause.

In the past few years some obstacles in the economic progress of some countries are also responsible for starvation. The lack of microscopic and essential nutrients with starvation is also the cause of malnutrition, which causes various diseases in the healthy person and also blocks physical and mental development of the person.

The cause of malnutrition is also financially vulnerable. People do not even have the money to buy nutritious food; in this case they run from whatever food they get, and this unbalanced diet increases malnutrition. So the real problem is money, if some food is available then some people do not get enough money for it. That is why poor people live their lives only on essential commodities such as bread, tea, sugars and rice. Cucumber vegetables and meats are very expensive for them.

Types of malnutrition
The cause of malnutrition can be not only due to lack of nutrients but also in excess quantity. Malnutrition can be of the following types:
Acute malnutrition - When there is a lot of decrease in weight, it is malnutrition. Due to this 3 types of malnutrition are possible
1. Mercemase- In this disease, fat starts decreasing rapidly in the body, and tissues begin to worsen severely. This causes the body's immune system to weaken.
2. Quashiorcore -  In this disease, body fluid can not get out of the body, due to changes in skin and hair color, obesity, diarrhea, decreased muscle mass, weakening of immune system, weight gain and development Being blocked, knees, feet and swelling in the lower part of the body is also a sign,
3.Marsamic Kwashiokor - This is a mixed form of Mercams and Kwashiocore, which shows the symptoms of both diseases.

Chronic malnutrition - These diseases are found in those people who suffer from malnutrition for a long time, their results are also reflected for a long time. If a pregnant woman does not get complete nutrition, then it will happen in the child having it before birth It starts, which means that the child is weak from the time of birth. In addition, if the newborn does not get the milk of the mother, then the possibility of malnutrition remains.

Growth Failure Malnutrition - In this, the weight and length of the patient can not be increased according to the age requirement. It has 3 types
Malnutrition caused by deficiency of micro nutrients: - When there is a shortage of mineral elements such as Vitamin A, B, C and D, folate, iron, iodine, zinc and calcium in the patient's body. These are all very essential for vitamins and minerals.

Iron deficiency leads to anemia, brain development does not occur and there is also adverse effect on heart rate. Iodine deficiency affects the thyroid gland and increases the likelihood of mental paralysis.

Deficiency of selenium has an adverse effect on the heart and circulatory system, there is also the possibility of osteoarthritis and the immune system is also weak

Vitamin B12 deficiency reduces the formation of red blood cells and the nerves also get distorted. Vitamin A deficiency weakens vision, bone growth and disease resistant capacity also decreases.

If there is a deficiency of vitamin D in the body, then there may be rickets and other bone related problems. Flelet or Vitamin B 9 may occur due to low anemia and the growth rate also decreases. Due to lack of junk, sensory perception is reduced even with anemia.

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