Diabetes is a disease in which the amount of glucose (blood sugar level) in the patient's blood is higher than the requirement. It may be due to two reasons: either your body is not producing enough insulin or your cells Not responding to the insulin being produced. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the metabolism of carbohydrate and fat in your body. Metabolism means that through the process in which the body digest food so that the body can get energy and it can grow
The food we eat that goes into the stomach and turns into energy which is called glucose. Now it is possible to reach this energy / glucose within millions of cells present in our body, and this is possible only when our pancreas (pancreas) produces insulin in sufficient quantity. Glucose cannot enter into the cells without insulin. And then our cells burn the glucose and give energy to the body. When this process is not done normally, the person suffers from diabetes.
In normal healthy person, the level of glucose in the blood remains 70 to 100 mg./dl before eating. After eating this level becomes 120-140 mg / dl and then gradually decreases. After diabetes, this level does not become normal and in excess of 500 cases it goes upto 500 mg / dl.
Types of Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes: This happens when your body stops making insulin. In such cases, the patient has to give insulin outside. It is also called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM
Type 2 diabetes: This happens when your cells do not react to insulin being produced. It is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM
Gestational diabetes: This happens to women who are pregnant and have never been diabetic before. During pregnancy, blood glucose levels may be due to excessive requirement. have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. It may precede development of type 2 DM.
More thirsty or hungry
Sudden loss of weight
Feeling of constant weakness and fatigue
Glance of things
Skin infection and itching
Some facts related to diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes sufferers die 5-10 years before healthy people.
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of Diabetes.
Diabetes can happen to people of any age group, even children.
If it is not controlled, it can result in heart attack, blindness, stroke, or kidney failure.
By increasing healthy eating and physical activity, type 2 diabetes can be prevented by up to 80%.
This is a genetic disease. That is, if you are having any of these diseases in the family, then you too may be.
What to do when you are diabetes:
Regularly check blood sugar.
Avoiding is very important, carelessness can be later fatal. Blindness, amputation or dialysis would be easier to avoid by self control and self discipline.
Do not take medicines lightly, and make sure to claim the doctor's time.
Eat healthy and stay active. By exercising this can be controlled to a great extent.
If possible, choose a partner like you to eat food, it will be easy to control your tongue.
Lose enough amounts.
Take a walk in the morning or evening.
Avoid what food and drinks in diabetes:
Smoking, sugar, sweet, glucose, marmalade, jaggery, ice cream, cake, pastry, sweet biscuits, chocolate, soft drinks, condensed milk, cream, fried food, butter, ghee, and hydrogenated vegetable oil, white flour, junk food, Cookies, canned and preserved foods, etc.